10 Questions for Buying CPA Practice
Is buying an accounting firm a good idea?
There are many reasons to consider purchasing an existing CPA firm. First and foremost, purchasing an accounting firm that is already set up and running can be logistically easier than building from the ground up. When you buy an existing firm with established operations it can help to minimize the risk associated with starting a new business. An existing CPA firm should already have a strong client roster, as well as existing processes in place. And of course, an existing firm will already have knowledgeable staff members ready so there will be little to no training required to keep things operating smoothly after the handoff
How do I purchase an existing CPA firm?
If you’re looking to buy an existing CPA firm, there are many factors to consider to determine if it will be a good investment. Because there are so many variables to consider when buying any professional firm, you should not do it alone. There are many things that can go wrong. That can include a long drawn out transition, employee and staff hand-off struggles, or difficulties finding the right fit firm. Working with an experienced intermediary to purchase a CPA practice can help ensure those things do not happen. Having a team of professionals assist you with the purchase of your new firm to make sure the entire transaction goes as smoothly as possible can save time, money, and stress.
What to know before buying a CPA firm
Before you even begin searching for CPA firms for sale, be intentional about what you want. The more clarity you have going in, the more likely you are to make a good purchase decision. This post provides information you need to be aware of beforehand.
Here are 10 questions to consider when buying an accounting practice:
- What does your practice need to look like in three years for you to be happy with it? Suppose you have made the purchase and you are describing your practice to a friend in three years. This vision exercise will reveal a lot about what you want, like the type of accounting services you will offer. Simply take 10 minutes or so to write your answer out.
- What are my strengths? Include areas of professional expertise as well as personal traits. These will be the things that ultimately drive your business.
- What are my weaknesses? It’s important to know your weaknesses so you can work around them. Working on weaknesses is generally just frustrating and counter-productive. It’s better to hire others who are strong where you are weak…or to avoid practices where a particular talent is needed that you don’t have. For example, if you are good at business development, but not really good at managing staff, perhaps you need to search for a practice that has a very good office manager on board…or maybe you want to partner up with someone who can take on that aspect of the practice? Note, the start-up expenses are shared, but so is the revenue.
- Am I willing to relocate? If so, what do I want in a community? This may seem really obvious, but I’m surprised by how many buyers haven’t thought this through very well. It might be a good learning experience to talk with accounting practice owners all over the country, but it’s usually not the best use of your search time. That is unless you are acquiring a virtual firm that can be run from anywhere. Talk with your family and focus on areas that work best. (At Poe Group Advisors, we have a different category for cloud accounting firms for sale.)
- What are the deal-breakers? What aspects of a practice or a practice owner(s) are simply unacceptable? For example, would you buy a practice where the seller currently works 3,500 hours per year? Would you buy a practice that has a large niche that you are unfamiliar with, like auditing? What you say “no” to is very important.
- How would I describe my ideal client? Similar to question one, this will reveal a lot about the type of CPA firm that you want to buy. Being matched with the right clients will significantly impact client retention rates after closing. It will also have a huge impact on your long-term success and happiness with the practice as client relationships are so important.
- What sort of fee structure do I want? When looking at accounting firms for sale, pay close attention to the fees charged to clients. This ties in very closely with #6 above. Low fees may or may not be a deal-breaker, but they are definitely a very important factor when evaluating different practices. A lot of CPAs undervalue their services. It’s practically an epidemic in the profession as far as I’m concerned. It is likely that you can buy a firm and raise fees without too much trouble, and if this is the case, you may be buying a practice that is actually a bargain. This is an assessment that needs to be carefully made however by analyzing the clients and the services being provided.
- How much money can I invest? Financial considerations are important. There is excellent bank financing available for accounting practice acquisitions, but in order to purchase, you’ll need money to invest for a down-payment. At a minimum, you’ll need to be able to invest 10 percent of the purchase price.
- What size accounting practice do you want to buy? If you’ve answered questions 1-8 above, narrowing the size for your search should be fairly easy to do. Don’t sell yourself short! Be open to the possibility of buying a larger practice rather than a small firm. Really what you should focus on is cash-flow-to-owner. Look for a practice that is generating plenty of cash-flow-to-owner to well-cover your debt service and your living needs…and then some. You are buying a CPA firm for increased freedom and income aren’t you? An accounting practice with good cash-flow-to-owner will offer that.
- What about transition? How much help do I need from the seller? Our experience is that transition is counter-intuitive. For more on this topic, please read our transition article.
Our accounting practice intermediaries are here to help you to find the right accounting firm to meet your acquisition needs. Visit our current accounting practice listings now to find an opportunity and learn more. If you don’t see a suitable listing, we’ll work to find a practice owner who wants to discuss selling.
Please visit our Register as a Buyer page to sign up for notifications on new listings. Talk to an expert if you are ready to buy a CPA firm.